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Kidney stone diet chart

A kidney stone is a hard mass that forms from crystals in the urine. For most people, natural chemicals in the urine keep stones from forming and causing problems.

If you have kidney stones, you may need to follow a special diet plan. First, your healthcare professional will run blood and urine tests to find out what kind of risk factors you may have.

Kidney Stone Diet Tips

1. Increase fluid intake

  • The average person should drink between 12-16 cups of water per day. People with cardiac and renal issues should follow the advice of their specialists.
  • It is best to drink enough fluids to keep your urine colorless and odorless.
  • The fluid does not have to be just plain water, but that is what is best when it comes to preventing kidney stones.

2. Maintain a low salt/low sodium diet

  • 2300 mg or less in the normal population and 1500mg or less in people with high blood pressure and other cardiovascular diseases.
  • Higher levels of sodium in your system raise your calcium levels and decrease the citrate in the urine – increasing the risk of stones.

3. Eat more fresh, non-processed foods, like fruits and vegetables, fresh meats

  • This is a good recommendation for anyone in general, but very important for people who are prone to making kidney stones.

4. In general, limit your intake of meat

  • High meat intake can increase uric acid, calcium, and oxalate concentrations in the urine, which can all lead to an increased risk of stone formation.
  • It is recommended to only eat 6-8 oz of meat per day (inclusive of beef, pork, poultry, and seafood).

5. Maintain a normal dietary calcium intake

  • Calcium from high calcium foods and normal dairy intake can reduce your risk of stone formation.
  • It is better to get calcium from normal food sources than from supplements, as too much calcium can increase the risk of stones.

6. Increase your intake of citrus fruits and juices

  • Citrate in these foods inhibits stone formation by binding to calcium, which makes it unable to bind with oxalates and form stones.
  • Lemon and lime have been proven to be the best sources of citrate, followed by oranges and then grapefruits.

7. Decrease the amounts of foods that are high in a substance called oxalate.

  • Oxalate is a naturally occurring substance found in a wide variety of foods. Ex: Spinach and other greens, Berries, Rhubarb, Beets, Chocolate, French Fries, Nuts and nut Butters, Soy Products.

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