FIR | First Information Report |

What is the full form of FIR

FIR Full Form

You can find below the complete form of the FIR First Information Report. This post includes types of FIR, How can we file an FIR?

full form of fir

FIR Full Form

The complete form of FIR is First Information Report. This is a written document prepared by the police after receiving information about any cognizable offense.

An FIR is a written complaint filed on behalf of someone by the victim or someone else. Once the police register the FIR, the signed copy is given to the victim or the complaint written person. The registered FIR cannot be dismissed by the police as it is illegal.

FIRs are very important documents in the criminal justice process. Until the FIR is registered, the Police cannot begin an investigation. It is not possible to change the content of an FIR once it has been registered except by a ruling from the High Court or the Supreme Court.

An FIR page contains:

The following information contains the FIR

  • FIR number
  • The name of the victim or complaint was written person’s name
  • Offender’s name and description
  •  Offense details
  • Place and time of the offense
  • Witnesses name

What are the rules followed to file an FIR?

  • Those who know about the commission of the cognizable offense should file an FIR.
  • You can orally submit the report about the offense, police write the complaint and file it as FIR
  • A victim or person filing a complaint has the right to request to hear the information recorded by police.
  • The complaint is written by the police, the complaint given person must sign the information. The person cannot know to write, they have the option of thumb impression 
  • Once the FIR has been filed, you should obtain a copy. If the police do not provide you with a copy of your FIR, you have a right to request one free of charge.

Types of FIR.

There are several types of FIR, listed below are a few of the most important:

  1. General FIR: A general FIR is a type of FIR, which is filed by the complaining party or the first party against another party in a public transaction at the nearest police station.
  2. Zero FIR: Unlike an FIR which is limited by jurisdiction, a complaint can be filed at any police station even if no crime has been committed in the jurisdiction, that is Zero FIR.
  3. Multiple FIR: The aggrieved parties filed multiple FIRs are filed for the same reason is called Multiple FIR.
  4. Cross FIR: When two people register two FIRs against each other about the same incident, it is called cross FIR.


1.FIR full form? what is FIR?

FIR stands for First Information Report, which is a written document against a criminal offense.

2. Why FIR is required?

FIR helps in the criminal justice process. Police can start an investigation only after the registration of the FIR. After registration, the contents of the FIR cannot be changed except by a decision of the Supreme Court or the High Court.

3.Difference between FIR & Zero FIR?

The main difference between an FIR and a zero FIR. An FIR is registered only where the incident took place within the jurisdiction of a particular police station. Zero FIR can be registered at any police station wherever the incident took place.



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